Recurrent frequency-size distribution of characteristic events

S.G. Abaimov
Arxiv ID: 0805.0450Last updated: 1/29/2020
Many complex systems, including sand-pile models, slider-block models, and earthquakes, have been discussed whether they obey the principles of self-organized criticality. Behavior of these systems can be investigated from two different points of view: interoccurrent behavior in a region and recurrent behavior at a given point on a fault or at a given fault. The interoccurrent frequency-size statistics are known to be scale-invariant and obey the power-law Gutenberg-Richter distribution. This paper investigates the recurrent frequency-size behavior of characteristic events at a given point on a fault or at a given fault. For this purpose sequences of creep events at a creeping section of the San Andreas fault are investigated. The applicability of the Brownian passage-time, lognormal, and Weibull distributions to the recurrent frequency-size statistics of slip events is tested and the Weibull distribution is found to be a best-fit distribution. To verify this result the behaviors of the numerical slider-block and sand-pile models are investigated and the applicability of the Weibull distribution is confirmed. Exponents of the best-fit Weibull distributions for the observed creep event sequences and for the slider-block model are found to have close values from 1.6 to 2.2 with the corresponding aperiodicities of the applied distribution from 0.47 to 0.64.

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