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A Method for Constructing a Lax Pair for the Ernst Equation

C. J. Papachristou, B. Kent Harrison
Arxiv ID: 0805.1312Last updated: 4/23/2021
A systematic construction of a Lax pair and an infinite set of conservation laws for the Ernst equation is described. The matrix form of this equation is rewritten as a differential ideal of gl(2,R)-valued differential forms, and its symmetry condition is expressed as an exterior equation which is linear in the symmetry characteristic and has the form of a conservation law. By means of a recursive process, an infinite collection of such laws is then obtained, and the conserved "charges" are used to derive a linear exterior equation whose components constitute a Lax pair.

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