Superexchange-Driven Magnetoelectricity in Magnetic Vortices

Kris T. Delaney, Maxim Mostovoy and Nicola A. Spaldin
Arxiv ID: 0810.0552Last updated: 4/6/2021
We demonstrate that magnetic vortices in which spins are coupled to polar lattice distortions via superexchange exhibit an unusually large linear magnetoelectric response. We show that the periodic arrays of vortices formed by frustrated spins on Kagom\'e lattices provide a realization of this concept; our {\it ab initio} calculations for such a model structure yield a magnetoelectric coefficient that is 30 times larger than that of prototypical single phase magnetoelectrics. Finally, we identify the design rules required to obtain such a response in a practical material.

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