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1/N Expansion in Correlated Graphene

Valeri N. Kotov, Bruno Uchoa, A. H. Castro Neto
Arxiv ID: 0903.2046Last updated: 3/7/2022
We examine the 1/N expansion, where N is the number of two-component Dirac fermions, for Coulomb interactions in graphene with a gap of magnitude $\Delta = 2 m$. We find that for $N\alpha\gg1$, where $\alpha$ is graphene's "fine structure constant", there is a crossover as a function of distance $r$ from the usual 3D Coulomb law, $V(r) \sim 1/r$, to a 2D Coulomb interaction, $V(r) \sim \ln(N\alpha/mr)$, for $m^{-1} \ll r \ll m^{-1} N \alpha/6$. This effect reflects the weak "confinement" of the electric field in the graphene plane. The crossover also leads to unusual renormalization of the quasiparticle velocity and gap at low momenta. We also discuss the differences between the interaction potential in gapped graphene and usual QED for different coupling regimes.

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