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On Low-Dimensional Solvmanifolds

Christoph Bock
Arxiv ID: 0903.2926Last updated: 4/20/2021
A nilmanifold resp. solvmanifold is a compact homogeneous space of a connected and simply-connected nilpotent resp. solvable Lie group by a lattice, i.e. a discrete co-compact subgroup. There is an easy criterion for nilpotent Lie groups which enables one to decide whether there is a lattice or not. Moreover, it is easy to decide whether a nilmanifold is formal, Kaehlerian or (Hard) Lefschetz. The study of solvmanifolds meets with noticeably greater obstacles than the study of nilmanifolds. Even the construction of solvmanifolds is considerably more difficult than is the case for nilmanifolds. The reason is that there is no simple criterion for the existence of a lattice in a connected and simply-connected solvable Lie group. We consider the question of existence of lattices in solvable Lie groups up to dimension six and examine whether the corresponding solvmanifolds are formal, symplectic, Kaehler or (Hard) Lefschetz.

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