Local energy balance, specific heats and the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation

A. Barletta
Arxiv ID: 0904.3968Last updated: 2/3/2023
A thermodynamic argument is proposed in order to discuss the most appropriate form of the local energy balance equation within the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation. The study is devoted to establish the correct thermodynamic property to be used in order to express the relationship between the change of internal energy and the temperature change. It is noted that, if the fluid is a perfect gas, this property must be identified with the specific heat at constant volume. If the fluid is a liquid, a definitely reliable approximation identifies this thermodynamic property with the specific heat at constant pressure. No explicit pressure work term must be present in the energy balance. The reasoning is extended to the case of fluid saturated porous media.

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